A denture is a removable replacement for missing teeth and adjacent tissues. It is made of acrylic resin, sometimes in combination with various metals.
Types of dentures
Patients needing a complete denture have lost all of their teeth. A partial denture is appropriate for those patients who have some natural teeth remaining.
A denture improves chewing ability, speech and provides support for facial muscles. It will greatly enhance the facial appearance and smile. Complete and partial dentures can be made for your upper or lower jaw or both.
Complete dentures are called “conventional” or “immediate” according to when they are made and when they are placed in the mouth. Immediate dentures are inserted immediately after the remaining teeth have been removed. For immediate dentures it is necessary for the dentist to take measurements and make models of the patient’s jaw at their initial visit. A conventional denture can made once the tissues have healed, which generally takes 6 – 8 weeks.
Removable Partial Dentures
Removable partial dentures generally consist of replacement teeth attached to a gum colored plastic base, which are connected by metal framework. Removable partial dentures attach to your natural teeth with metal clasps or precision attachments. Precision attachments are often more esthetic than metal clasps and are nearly invisible.
Periodically you may need an adjustment to your denture. As you age, your mouth naturally changes which can affect the fit of the denture. Your bone and gum ridges can recede or shrink which causes your denture not to fit as well. Loose dentures can cause problems such as sores or infections.
If you find your denture no longer fits properly, see Dr. Ed immediately. Often he can make the necessary adjustments or repairs on the same day. If the repairs are more serious the denture may be sent out to a dental laboratory.
Even with full dentures, you still need to take good care of your mouth. Every morning brush you gums, tongue and palate with a soft bristled brush before you put in your denture. This removes plaque and stimulates circulation in the mouth. Make sure you are eating a well balanced diet in order to maintain a healthy mouth.